Kenny Slaught has explained on his blog that Grand Challenges Explorations (GCE) funds citizens worldwide to explore ideas that can evolve how humanity deals with long-term global health and development issues. GCE is a $100 million campaign funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and started in 2008. More than 1,186 projects in above 61 countries have received GCE grants. Any organization can apply for the GCE grant program. Their quick two-page online application needs no preliminary data. Initial grants of $100,000 are awarded two times throughout the year. Successful applicants then have the opportunity to receive an additional follow uo grant, up to $1 million the second time.